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Terminology

Terminology

What is sublimation? How does digital sublimation printing work? What is an “all over print"? These are just some of the many questions our customers have when exploring the world of blank and decorated apparel. Below are a few terms commonly used on our website and in the apparel industry.

puretech-horizontal.jpg is technology that keeps you cool and dry every time you wear it. PURE-tech™’s intelligent design delivers superior moisture-wicking features shown to improve the body’s core performance. Our UV-certified fabrics dry rapidly and maximize absorbency. PURE-tech™ is permanent and proven to last, providing effective moisture-wicking capabilities throughout the life of the garment.  Wash after wash, and game after game — PURE-tech™ stands up to the toughest athletic challenges, keeping you cooler and dryer longer than non-performance apparel.

mshield-horizontal.jpg  is Zinc based technology keeps fabrics fresh and defends against odor causing bacteria. In addition to providing enhanced performance during use, the antimicrobial feature also helps to extend the useful life of the product.

upx50-horizontal.jpg protects your skin against harmful UV rays. The Solar Performance line is ideal for team sports, workforces, adventures, coastal sports, and any high endurance activity. Featuring UPF 50+ solar protection, the Solar Performance fabric is lightweight, comfortable, and built to last.

sublimationcertified-horizontal.jpg Vapor Apparel garments that are Sublimation Certified℠ are specifically engineered for the sublimation process. When a garment is marked as Sublimation Certified℠, it means the color of the fabric will work with a wide swatch of the sublimation color gamut, producing superior image quality.

 

All Over Print - All over printing is a type of sublimation printing process that applies a design to a complete sublimation-ready garment. All over printing designs are commonly seen in fashion t-shirts and dresses, and often these garments have production marks or "press folds" at the hem points and under the arms where the design didn't completely transfer.Templates customized to the size of the blank garment being sublimated are very helpful for the process. Garments are laid flat under a heat press that is able to cover the surface area of the fabric. The process is completed as the press sublimates the ink onto the garment.

 

Blank Apparel - Blank apparel, commonly referred to as “blanks,” are undecorated garments for the embellishment industry. Blanks are perfect for private label merchandise, and can be used for digital sublimation printing, direct to garment printing, and screen-printing.

 

Digital Sublimation Printing - A full color digital print technology that works with polyester substrates and polymer coated substrates. The sublimation dyes are carried via liquid ink or gel ink through a piezo-electric print head and deposited on a high-release inkjet paper to then be transferred onto the substrate. The print technology requires a combination of time, temperature and pressure to “transfer” the sublimation dyes into the polyester molecules on the substrate from the high-release inkjet paper. The conventional equipment for sublimation transfer is a heat press. The result of this process is a virtually permanent full color, high resolution print that will not crack, fade or peel from the substrate under normal conditions. Most sublimation dyes start to sublimate at 350 degrees Fahrenheit but 380-400 degrees is recommended for most substrates. Digital sublimation printing works on light colored, polyester or poly coated substrates. Athletic textiles, sports performance apparel, ceramic products and poly coated fiber reinforced plastic are some of the main product categories. Digital sublimation printing is also used in the creation of trade show displays, snowboards, skis and skateboards. Digital sublimation printing is commonly referred to as "dye sub" printing, or simply "sublimation."

 

Sublimation - Sublimation is a scientific term for a phase transition where a solid material changes into a gas without passing through the liquid stage. Sublimation is an endothermic reaction, and occurs when the right amount of pressure and heat are applied to a solid. In digital sublimation printing, the pressure and heat from a press change the ink from a solid transfer sheet into a gas, which is then transferred at the molecular level onto a sublimation certified garment. Most sublimation dyes start to sublimate at 350 degrees Fahrenheit, but 380-420 degrees is recommended for most substrates to attain maximum color. The time and temperature of the sublimation process is dependent on the type of fabric used for digital sublimation printing.

 

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